The research programmes and the museum experts' activities cover various historical periods and themes such as research of diverse issues, historical and cultural events, people of historical significance for Smolyan region and the local community. All these aim at adding their own piece to the entire picture of  the Bulgarian history and culture. Work is done either individually or by teams depending on the annual museum plans and its long-term objectives. The museum experts often work in collaboration with other museums, archives, science institutions, and universities that have been active researchers of the Rhodopes. The research results are usually discussed at various scientific forums, published in specialized scientific editions, conference papers, periodicals, or are archived at the Science Archive of the museum.